They are based on assumptions that free trade and the abolition of investment rules will lead to economic growth, poverty reduction, higher living standards and employment opportunities. An interactive list of bilateral and multilateral free trade instruments can be find on the TREND Analytics website.  A bilateral trade agreement confers preferential trade status between two nations. By giving them access to each other`s markets, they increase trade and economic growth. The terms of the agreement harmonize commercial activity and a level playing field. The People`s Republic of China has bilateral trade agreements with the blocs, countries and their two specific administrative regions: The Eurasian Economic Union, composed of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, has concluded the following free trade agreements, see below. If negotiations for a multilateral trade agreement fail, many nations will instead negotiate bilateral agreements. However, new agreements often result in competing agreements between other countries, eliminating the benefits of the free trade agreement (FTA) between the two countries of origin. In the United States, the Office of Bilateral Trade Affairs minimizes trade deficits by negotiating free trade agreements with new countries, supporting and improving existing trade agreements, promoting economic development abroad and other measures.
Full multilateral agreements (not listed below) see: List of multilateral free trade agreements. Bilateral trade agreements also expand a country`s product market. In the early 2000s, the United States vigorously pursued free trade agreements with a number of countries under the Bush administration. In some circumstances, trade negotiations have been concluded with a trading partner, but have not yet been signed or ratified. This means that, although the negotiations are over, no part of the agreement is yet in force. EFTA has bilateral agreements with the following countries – including dependent regions – and the blocs: in March 2016, the U.S. government and the Government of Peru reached an agreement to remove barriers to U.S. beef exports to Peru, which had been in effect since 2003. The Middle East, the Pacific and Latin America. The government, which operates the special autonomy that allows it to negotiate trade agreements without congressional interference, has secured congressional approval for nearly a dozen such agreements, with several remaining to be negotiated.
Supporters say the agreements, known as free trade agreements, help development partners prevent reforms and improve their negotiating capacity in regional and global discussions. They also report improving trade flows, but critics say such agreements undermine attempts to reduce trade barriers and divert the attention of U.S. and other negotiators to larger global trade negotiations that have greater potential to stimulate economic growth.