5 Correspondence with special subjects If a collective noun refers to a group as a whole, the verb is singular. If it refers separately to each member of the group, the verb is plural. The same goes for the names of the crowd. – The team is playing well. [a group] – The team arrives in separate cars. [each] – Eight glasses of water are the recommended amount. [all together] – There are eight glasses of water on the table. [individually] 4 Conformity with the association of verbs Sometimes a preacher differs in number from the subject. In this situation, the unifying verb always corresponds to the subject in number, not with the noun of the predicate. – The theme of the conference was the whale.
The verb, was, must be in agreement with the subject. – Fireworks is his idea of entertainment. The verb is, in agreement with the subject, fireworks. Verbs. 2 Figure O Use -s or – which ends with the verb only if the subject is him, she or it is him. O Past form O Add for most verbs. 6 Special Subjects (con`t) Some nouns are singular, although they end in “s”. – The news was disturbing last night. – Mumps is a common childhood disease. Each in front of an assembled subject makes the subject singular. – Every dog and cat loses its license.
– All men and women have been saved. When compound subjects are related by or not, the verb corresponds to the subject closer to the verb. – Neither Mary nor her sisters leave. – Neither her sisters nor Mary leave. 3 Correspondence in person and number Person and number Subjective pronouns (s)Example(s) The first person singularIam / eat / go Second person singularthouart / eatest / walkst Third Person singularhe; she, it is / eats / goes First Person pluralweare / eat / go Second person pluralyouare / go third person pluraltheyare / eat / go We rarely use the second person singular nowadays, but it was common a long time ago. In fact, we stopped because it was polite to refer to a person in the plural. Like “Sir” or “Madam”. The use of the second singular person (you) was only used with friends or family or for people who were socially inferior to the spokesperson. You don`t have to remember the shapes of “you,” but you should recognize them when you see them. 8 Common mistakes Make sure you agree with the theme and verb of each sentence. Look for specific themes and prepositional sentences that fall between the subject and the verb. This type of problem is often marked as “SVA” when I return your paper.
This means the subject-verb agreement. Fix it! 2Onjugaison of the verb Not only for French and Spanish! The form of a verb changes depending on the subject: – I go to the store. – He goes to the store. (There`s something wrong!) The correspondence of the subject and the verb makes them coherent. 7 Subject vs. Object preposition The subject of a sentence is never part of a prepositional sentence. If you are looking for over-serenation, make sure you have the real subject. – The theme of the conferences is whales. – The theme of the conferences is whales.
Which of them is correct? The second.