Tennis Court Agreement

After the celebration of the centenary of Eid in 1889, the space was relegated to oblivion and quickly deteriorated despite regular maintenance. Just before World War II, there was even a plan to turn it into a ping-pong room for Senate administrators in the palace. In 1989, the bicentenary of the French Revolution was another opportunity to restore space. Although the fighting quickly stopped and the royal troops evacuated the palace, the crowds were still everywhere outside. Lafayette (commander-in-chief of the National Guard), who had earned the court`s debt, convinced the king to address the crowd. When the two men walked on a balcony, an unexpected cry came down: “Long live the King!” The relieved king briefly made known his willingness to return to Paris. After the king withdrew, the same queen`s convention was not denied to the cheered crowd and her presence was demanded aloud. Lafayette took them to the same balcony, accompanied by his grandson and daughter. As cheerful as it was for the royal exhibitions, the crowd insisted that the king return with them to Paris. Around October 13.m, the huge crowd escorted the royal family and a troop of 100 deputies into the capital, this time with the armed National Guard at its head.

1. The tennis court oath was a pledge given to the Estates General by third-force deputies. He was sworn in on June 20, 1789 on a tennis court in Versailles. Whatever the reason, the deputies of the third state interpreted the wire doors as a hostile act, proof of their suspicious mood. They left the Menus-Plaisirs and headed to the nearest open building, the Jeu de Paume, a real tennis court used by Louis XIV. The crowd gathered outside around noon to demand the handover of the prison, the removal of the cannon and the release of weapons and gunpowder. Two representatives of the crowd outside were invited to the fortress and negotiations began. Another was admitted around noon with clear requirements.

Negotiations continued, while the crowd grew and grew impatient. At around 1:30 p.m.m the crowd flocked to the unsworn outdoor courtyard. A small group climbed onto the roof of a building adjacent to the courtyard door and broke the drawbridge chains. The soldiers of the garrison called on the people to withdraw, but in the noise and confusion, these calls were badly perceived as an encouragement to enter. Gunfire began, apparently spontaneously, turning the crowd into a crowd. Jeu de paume, an older version of modern tennis, was very popular in the 17th century and played an important role in the formation of princes. As a royal sport, it has been codified with labels and rituals. Although the Louvre Palace and the Palaces of Vincennes, Fontainebleau, Compiègne and Saint-Germain all had their own tennis courts, the Palace of Versailles had been without a place since the destruction of the space built under Louis XIII in 1682 to facilitate the construction of the Grand Commun. Four years after Louis XIV and his court moved to Versailles (1686), a new space was built for Nicolas Creté, the king`s tennis champion, a few hundred meters southeast of the castle in the Old-Versailles district. . . .

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