Gerry Adams, leader of the Sinn Féin Republican Party, and his deputy Martin McGuinness, who would later become Deputy Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, played a key role in the deal. John Morrison explains his journey as members of the Provisional IRA to Sinn Féin leaders. The agreement reaffirms the commitment to “mutual respect, civil rights and religious freedoms of all members of the community.” The multi-party agreement recognised “the importance of respect, understanding and tolerance with regard to linguistic diversity”, in particular with regard to the Irish language, the Ulster Scots and the languages of other ethnic minorities in Northern Ireland, “all of which are part of the cultural richness of the island of Ireland”. The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments and eight political parties or groups in Northern Ireland. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led unionism in Ulster since the beginning of the 20th century, and two small parties associated with loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (associated with the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)). Two were commonly referred to as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican Party linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army.   Regardless of these rival traditions, there were two other assembly parties, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour Coalition. U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by U.S.
President Bill Clinton to lead talks between parties and groups.  The idea of the agreement was to get the two sides to work together in a group called the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Assembly would take certain decisions previously taken by the British Government in London. The agreement contained a complex set of provisions relating to a number of areas, including: unfortunately, it was not possible to reach agreement on the implementation of the provisions of the Stormont House Agreement dealing with the legacy of the past within the time frame for the resumption of talks. The Irish and British Governments have committed to continue work on this issue in order to create an agreed basis for the creation of the new institutional framework for probation of the past, as provided for in the Stormont House Agreement. Issues of sovereignty, civil and cultural rights, weapons dismantling, demilitarization, justice and law enforcement were at the heart of the agreement. Under the proposed agreement, the government has published a number of financial and other commitments, as has the UK government. The Irish government`s commitments include working with the North-South Council of Ministers to implement projects that benefit people across the island, including better connectivity, north and south and investment in the North West region and border communities.